Exploring large-scale spatial distribution of fear of crime by integrating small sample surveys and massive street view images

Fengrui Jing, Lin Liu, Suhong Zhou, Zhenlong Li, Jiangyu Song, Linsen Wang, Ruofei Ma, Xiaoming Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A tremendous amount of research use questionnaires to obtain individuals’ fear of crime and aggregate it to the neighborhood level to measure the spatial distribution of fear of crime. However, the cost of using questionnaires to measure the large-scale spatial distribution of fear of crime is high. The built environment is known to influence people’s perceptions, including fear of crime. This study develops a machine learning model to link built environment extracted from street view images to fear of crime obtained from questionnaires, and then applies this model to extrapolate fear of crime for neighborhoods without the questionnaires. Using massive street view images and a survey among 1,741 residents in 80 neighborhoods in Guangzhou, China, this study developed a novel systematic approach to measuring large-scale spatial fear of crime at the neighborhood level for 1,753 neighborhoods. This is the first study to measure fear of crime at the neighborhood level for a metropolitan area of nearly 20 million people. The integration of survey data and street view images provides an opportunity to develop a more effective way to measure the spatial distribution of fear of crime. This approach could be applied to map other types of perceptions at a spatial resolution of the neighborhood level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1104-1120
Number of pages17
JournalEnvironment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science
Volume50
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Architecture
  • Urban Studies
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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