Exploring polymer solubility with thermally-responsive Diels-Alder monomers: Revisiting the monkey's fist

Greg Bisbjerg, Ginger W. Brown, Kimberly S. Pham, Ryan A. de Kock, William Ramos, Jordan A. Patierno, Aleyda Bautista, Natalie M. Zawalick, Viviana Vigil, John D. Padrnos, Robert T. Mathers, Michael D. Heying, Philip J. Costanzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Thermo-responsive monomers were designed to contain a Diels-Alder (DA) adduct such that cyclo-reversion would yield either the maleimide or the furan unit attached to the polymer chain. These thermally responsive monomers were then copolymerized with N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) via reversible addition-fragmentation chain-transfer (RAFT) polymerization to yield linear gradient-copolymer structures as a comparison to existing nanogel/starlike systems to understand how polymer topology and composition influence solution-state properties. Using UV–Vis spectroscopy, it was determined that solution-state properties were thermally dependent and influenced by a number of variables such as comonomer feed ratio, polymer chain end functionality, and polymer backbone length and composition. Manipulation of the feed ratio allowed for control over the cloud point, including the breadth and location of phase separation. Thermal treatment of these copolymers revealed tunable and predictable variations in previously observed transitions, directly correlated to cleavage of the DA adducts and change in polymer backbone composition. Finally, on cooling cycles, a double sigmoid was sometimes observed, indicating a complex globule to random coil transition correlated to polymer chain end composition. These studies help understand how to untie the “monkey's fist.”.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-187
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Polymer Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics


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