Exploring transmit null forming in open-loop coherent distributed arrays

Michael V. Lipski, Sastry Kompella, Ram M. Narayanan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) consisting of nodes with single omnidirectional antennas and limited transmit power can support wireless connectivity over long distances through coherent operation. Although designed for short-range networked communication, the individual radio nodes in a MANET can be coordinated to form a sparse aperiodic array with a high power directional gain. By targeting a distant receiver with the array beam synthesized by a synchronized transmission, the MANET can ensure greater signal quality at the receiver. The sparse nature of the array coupled with the mobility-driven randomization of node positions makes the array gain somewhat uncontrollable outside of the main beam. Our work investigates methods of shaping the pattern of a coherent distributed transmit array using open-loop beamforming. A null-forming algorithm based on a partitioning of the network nodes into two sub-arrays is presented. Simulation results demonstrate the attenuation of the array factor in the desired null direction. A stochastic optimization step is also introduced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRadar Sensor Technology XXIV
EditorsKenneth I. Ranney, Ann M. Raynal
ISBN (Electronic)9781510635937
StatePublished - 2020
EventRadar Sensor Technology XXIV 2020 - None, United States
Duration: Apr 27 2020May 8 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceRadar Sensor Technology XXIV 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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