Expression of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor in the immune system

Christian M. Veldman, Margherita T. Cantorna, Hector F. DeLuca

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612 Scopus citations


In addition to its role in calcium and skeletal homeostasis, there is increasing evidence that the hormonal form of vitamin D, 1,25- dihydroxyvitamin D3, appears to serve as a modulator of the immune system. We have determined the level of the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor (VDR) in resting and activated lymphocytes by immuno- and ligand-binding assays. As expected from previous work, the total T lymphocyte population contains VDR whose levels are increased when activated and treated with 1,25- dihydroxyvitamin D3. Surprisingly, the highest concentrations of VDR are found in CD8 lymphocytes, although significant amounts are also present in CD4 lymphocytes. Furthermore, B lymphocytes do not contain detectable amounts of VDR. Cells of the monocyte/macrophage lineage possess small amounts of VDR that are not affected by activation but are increased by treatment with 1,25- dihydroxyvitamin D3. These results suggest that CD8 lymphocytes may be a major site of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 action, while B lymphocytes are likely not directly regulated by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)334-338
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 15 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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