Extensible Structure-Informed Prediction of Formation Energy with improved accuracy and usability employing neural networks

Adam M. Krajewski, Jonathan W. Siegel, Jinchao Xu, Zi Kui Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


In the present paper, we introduce a new neural network-based tool for the prediction of formation energies of atomic structures based on elemental and structural features of Voronoi-tessellated materials. We provide a concise overview of the connection between the machine learning and the true material–property relationship, how to improve the generalization accuracy by reducing overfitting, how new data can be incorporated into the model to tune it to a specific material system, and preliminary results on using models to preform local structure relaxations. The present work resulted in three final models optimized for (1) highest test accuracy on the Open Quantum Materials Database (OQMD), (2) performance in the discovery of new materials, and (3) performance at a low computational cost. On a test set of 21,800 compounds randomly selected from OQMD, they achieve a mean absolute error (MAE) of 28, 40, and 42 meV/atom, respectively. The second model provides better predictions in a test case of interest not present in the OQMD, while the third reduces the computational cost by a factor of 8. We collect our results in a new open-source tool called SIPFENN (Structure-Informed Prediction of Formation Energy using Neural Networks). SIPFENN not only improves the accuracy beyond existing models but also ships in a ready-to-use form with pre-trained neural networks and a GUI interface. By virtue of this, it can be included in DFT calculations routines at nearly no cost.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111254
JournalComputational Materials Science
StatePublished - Jun 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Computer Science
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Computational Mathematics


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