Extragalactic Millimeter Transients in the Era of Next-generation CMB Surveys

T. Eftekhari, E. Berger, B. D. Metzger, T. Laskar, V. A. Villar, K. D. Alexander, G. P. Holder, J. D. Vieira, N. Whitehorn, P. K.G. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The next generation of wide-field cosmic microwave background (CMB) surveys are uniquely poised to open a new window into time-domain astronomy in the millimeter band. Here, we explore the discovery phase space for extragalactic transients with near-term and future CMB experiments to characterize the expected population. We use existing millimeter-band light curves of known transients (gamma-ray bursts, tidal disruption events, fast blue optical transients (FBOTs), neutron star mergers) and theoretical models, in conjunction with known and estimated volumetric rates. Using Monte Carlo simulations of various CMB survey designs (area, cadence, depth, duration) we estimate the detection rates and the resulting light-curve characteristics. We find that existing and near-term surveys will find tens to hundreds of long-duration gamma-ray bursts (LGRBs), driven primarily by detections of the reverse shock emission, and including off-axis LGRBs. Next-generation experiments (CMB-S4, CMB-HD) will find tens of FBOTs in the nearby universe and will detect a few tidal disruption events. CMB-HD will additionally detect a small number of short gamma-ray bursts, where these will be discovered within the detection volume of next-generation gravitational wave experiments like the Cosmic Explorer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number16
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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