Facilitating Vulnerability Assessment through PoC Migration

Jiarun Dai, Yuan Zhang, Hailong Xu, Haiming Lyu, Zicheng Wu, Xinyu Xing, Min Yang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

11 Scopus citations


Recent research shows that, even for vulnerability reports archived by MITRE/NIST, they usually contain incomplete information about the software's vulnerable versions, making users of under-reported vulnerable versions at risk. In this work, we address this problem by introducing a fuzzing-based method. Technically, this approach first collects the crashing trace on the reference version of the software. Then, it utilizes the trace to guide the mutation of the PoC input so that the target version could follow the trace similar to the one observed on the reference version. Under the mutated input, we argue that the target version's execution could have a higher chance of triggering the bug and demonstrating the vulnerability's existence. We implement this idea as an automated tool, named VulScope. Using 30 real-world CVEs on 470 versions of software, VulScope is demonstrated to introduce no false positives and only 7.9% false negatives while migrating PoC from one version to another. Besides, we also compare our method with two representative fuzzing tools AFL and AFLGO. We find VulScope outperforms both of these existing techniques while taking the task of PoC migration. Finally, by using VulScope, we identify 330 versions of software that MITRE/NIST fails to report as vulnerable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCCS 2021 - Proceedings of the 2021 ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer and Communications Security
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9781450384544
StatePublished - Nov 12 2021
Event27th ACM Annual Conference on Computer and Communication Security, CCS 2021 - Virtual, Online, Korea, Republic of
Duration: Nov 15 2021Nov 19 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security
ISSN (Print)1543-7221


Conference27th ACM Annual Conference on Computer and Communication Security, CCS 2021
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
CityVirtual, Online

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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