Factors associated with quitting smoking at a tobacco dependence treatment clinic

Jonathan Foulds, Kunal K. Gandhi, Michael B. Steinberg, Donna L. Richardson, Jill M. Williams, Michael V. Burke, George G. Rhoads

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

113 Scopus citations


Objective: To identify factors associated with successful quitting at a free tobacco treatment clinic. Methods: A cohort study of the first 1021 patients who made a quit attempt. Baseline and treatment variables were recorded, and logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with abstinence at 4-week and 6-month follow-up. Results: Three hundred twenty (31.3%) patients reported tobacco abstinence at 6 months. Several markers of low socioeconomic status and high nicotine dependence were predictive of poorer smoking cessation outcomes. Compliance with evidence-based treatment was associated with improved treatment outcome, as was older age and having more than 2 children. Conclusions: Efforts should be made to enhance treatment compliance among smokers with indicators of high nicotine dependence and low socioeconomic status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)400-412
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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