Failure of Zircaloy cladding under transverse plane-strain deformation

T. M. Link, D. A. Koss, A. T. Motta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


Experiments have been performed to examine the ductility of Zircaloy 4 cladding tubes under conditions of near plane-strain deformation in the hoop direction (transverse to the tube axis) at temperatures of 25 and 300°C and at strain rates of 10-3 and 102 s-1. To conduct these experiments, a specimen configuration was designed in which near plane-strain deformation is achieved, and a test methodology was established to determine two failure conditions: the limit strain at the onset of localized necking and the fracture strain. Experiments performed on cold-worked stress relieved material using the transverse plane-strain specimen geometry indicate major differences in failure behavior from that observed in uniaxial tension, although both test conditions result in failure by a localized necking process. The experimental results also indicate that while plane-strain fracture strains increase with temperature between 25 and 300°C, at a given temperature they are insensitive to strain rate. The limit strains at localized necking also increase with temperature but only at the high 102 s-1 strain rate. Finally, the failure data indicate a strong sensitivity to surface flaws, as predicted by localized necking theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-394
Number of pages16
JournalNuclear Engineering and Design
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • General Materials Science
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


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