Fast and accurate evaluation of cooling in data centers

Harshad Bhagwat, Umesh Singh, Anirudh Deodhar, Amarendra Singh, Anand Sivasubramaniam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Cooling is a major component in the enormous energy consumption in data centers. Accurate evaluation of cooling inside a data center forms the backbone of all the attempts for improving cooling efficiency. Models based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) are typically used for accurate evaluation, but have a drawback of high computation time. This paper presents a novel thermal predictor to evaluate data center cooling in seconds. The key idea is to extract information from a single instance of CFD simulation using metrics called as influence indices to build the fast thermal predictor. Then, this predictor can evaluate the cooling for altered operation of data center with comparable accuracy in seconds without the need for repetitive CFD simulations. This paper demonstrates the accuracy of the thermal predictor by comparing with CFD simulations for a sample, but realistic data center. The fast thermal predictor then successfully passed more challenging tests in a real production data center and proved its practical utility. The results of the thermal predictor compared with measurements carried out in the production data center are also presented. This fast thermal predictor is an important milestone in the development of a method for model-based real time control of data center cooling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number011003
JournalJournal of Electronic Packaging, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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