Feedback control of dissipative PDE systems using adaptive model reduction

Amit Varshney, Sivakumar Pltchalah, Antonios Armaou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


The problem of feedback control of spatially distributed processes described by highly dissipative partial differential equations (PDEs) is considered. Typically, this problem is addressed through model reduction, where finite dimensional approximations to the original infinite dimensional PDE system are derived and used for controller design. The key step in this approach is the computation of basis functions that are subsequently utilized to obtain finite dimensional ordinary differential equation (ODE) models using the method of weighted residuals. A common approach to this task is the Karhunen-Loeve expansion combined with the method of snapshots. To circumvent the issue of a priori availability of a sufficiently large ensemble of PDE solution data, the focus is on the recursive computation of eigenfunctions as additional data from, the process becomes available. Initially, an ensemble of eigenfunctions is constructed based on a relatively small number of snapshots, and the covariance matrix is computed. The dominant eigen- space of this matrix is then utilized to compute the empirical eigenfunctions required for model reduction. This dominant eigenspace is recomputed with the addition of each snapshot with possible increase or decrease in its dimensionality: due to its small dimensionality the computational burden is relatively small. The proposed approach is applied to representative examples of dissipative PDEs, with both linear and nonlinear spatial differential operators, to demonstrate its effectiveness of the proposed methodology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)906-918
Number of pages13
JournalAIChE Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • General Chemical Engineering


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