Ferroelectric materials

Venkatraman Gopalan, Kenneth L. Schepler, Volkmar Dierolf, Ivan Biaggio

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations


Ferroelectrics are substances in which a built-in spontaneous polarization, Ps (in units of electrical dipole moments per unit volume, C-m/m3), exists in a certain range of temperatures and isotropic pressures in the absence of an external electric field [1]. This spontaneous polarization has two or more orientational states and can be switched from one state to the other by an external electric field, or in some cases, by a mechanical stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Handbook of Photonics, Second Edition
PublisherCRC Press
ISBN (Electronic)9781420004694
ISBN (Print)0849330955, 9780849330957
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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