Ferroelectric and piezoelectric polymers have attracted great attention from many research and engineering fields due to its mechanical robustness and flexibility as well as cost-effectiveness and easy processibility. Nevertheless, the electrical performance of piezoelectric polymers is very hard to reach that of piezoelectric ceramics basically and physically, even in the case of the representative ferroelectric polymer, poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-TrFE)). Very recently, the concept for the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB), which has been exclusive in the field of high-performance piezoelectric ceramics, has been surprisingly confirmed in P(VDF-TrFE) piezoelectric copolymers by the groups. This study demonstrates the exceptional behaviors reminiscent of MPB and relaxor ferroelectrics in the feature of widely utilized electrospun P(VDF-TrFE) nanofibers. Consequently, an energy harvesting device that exceeds the performance limitation of the existing P(VDF-TrFE) materials is developed. Even the unpoled MPB-based P(VDF-TrFE) nanofibers show higher output than the electrically poled normal P(VDF-TrFE) nanofibers. This study is the first step toward the manufacture of a new generation of piezoelectric polymers with practical applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Materials Science(all)