Ferromagnetism in CuFeSb: Evidence of competing magnetic interactions in iron-based superconductors

B. Qian, J. Lee, J. Hu, G. C. Wang, P. Kumar, M. H. Fang, T. J. Liu, D. Fobes, H. Pham, L. Spinu, X. S. Wu, M. Green, S. H. Lee, Z. Q. Mao

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13 Scopus citations


We have synthesized a new layered iron-pnictide CuFeSb. This material shares a similar layered tetragonal structure with iron-based superconductors, with Fe square planar sheets forming from the edge-sharing iron antimony tetrahedral network. CuFeSb differs remarkably from Fe-based superconductors in the height of anion Z anion from the Fe plane; Z Sb for CuFeSb is ∼1.84 Å, much larger than Z As (1.31-1.51 Å) in FeAs compounds and Z Te (∼1.77 Å) in Fe 1+yTe. In contrast with the metallic antiferromagnetic (AFM) or superconducting state of iron pnictides and chalcogenides under current studies, CuFeSb exhibits a metallic, ferromagnetic (FM) state with T c=375 K. This finding suggests that the competition between AFM and FM coupling may exist in Fe-based superconductors and that the nature of magnetic coupling within the Fe plane is indeed dependent on the height of anion as predicted in theories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number144427
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number14
StatePublished - Apr 26 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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