Festivals, special events, and the "rising tide"

Stephen Litvin, Bing Pan, Wayne Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Purpose: The accurate measure of the economic contribution of festivals and special events is a challenge. Using a case study, the purpose of this paper is to demonstrate a previously un-captured economic contribution from increased hotel rates during the period of festival or event; the "rising tide" effect. Design/methodology/approach: This paper uses a case study on Charleston's hotel occupancy changes, and how the changes coincide with the occurrence of festivals and events in the community, to demonstrate the increased tourism income due to rising accommodation prices during festivals and events. Findings: The study validates the increased tourism income due to rising accommodation prices during festivals and events, which can provide a significant boost to the economy of a local community. Practical implications: Festival organizations, as well as hoteliers and other beneficiaries of tourist spending during festivals and events, should note how this additional contribution benefits them and their communities. Originality/value: Many economic contributions of festivals/events overstate their values. The current study first demonstrates a previously un-captured economic contribution using a case study approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-168
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Culture, Tourism, and Hospitality Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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