Field-induced lead zirconate titanate stannate antiferroelectric-to-ferroelectric phase-switching ceramics

Shoko Yoshikawa, Numchul Kim, Thomas R. Shrout, Qiming Zhang, Paul Moses, Leslie E. Cross

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

14 Scopus citations


The electric field induced antiferroelectric-to-ferroelectric phase transition of lead zirconate titanate stannate ceramics was investigated by means of dielectric, polarization, and strain hysteresis measurements. Compositions of varying titanium and tin within the general formula (Pb0.98La0.02) (Zr0.66Ti 0.11-xSn0.23+x)O3, located in the tetragonal antiferroelectric phase field and near the ferroelectric rhombohedral boundary were prepared. As the applied electric field increased, a sudden increase in both longitudinal and transverse strain was observed with a corresponding change in dielectric constant, loss, and polarization, indicating the transition from antiferroelectric to ferroelectric phase. The longitudinal strain increased continuously into the ferroelectric phase, whereas the transverse strain became negative after the phase change. By defining the phase change field from polarization and high field dielectric constant and loss measurements, the longitudinal strains associated with the phase change for all of the compositions were less than 0.2%. For some compositions, however, the longitudinal strain increased to levels greater than 0.5% with increasing applied field. Owing to the relatively small decrease in transverse strain in the ferroelectric region, the volume strain continued to increase even after antiferroelectric to ferroelectric phase change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
PublisherSociety of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)0819417904
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
EventSmart Structures and Materials 1995: Smart Materials - San Diego, CA, USA
Duration: Feb 27 1995Feb 28 1995


OtherSmart Structures and Materials 1995: Smart Materials
CitySan Diego, CA, USA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Field-induced lead zirconate titanate stannate antiferroelectric-to-ferroelectric phase-switching ceramics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this