FIESTA II. Disentangling Stellar and Instrumental Variability from Exoplanetary Doppler Shifts in the Fourier Domain

J. Zhao, Eric B. Ford, C. G. Tinney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The radial velocity (RV) detection of exoplanets is challenged by stellar spectroscopic variability that can mimic the presence of planets and by instrumental instability that can further obscure the detection. Both stellar and instrumental changes can distort the spectral line profiles and be misinterpreted as apparent RV shifts. We present an improved FourIEr phase SpecTrum Analysis (FIESTA, aka φESTA) to disentangle apparent velocity shifts due to a line deformation from a true Doppler shift. φESTA projects a stellar spectrum's cross-correlation function (CCF) onto a truncated set of Fourier basis functions. Using the amplitude and phase information from each Fourier mode, we can trace the line variability at different CCF width scales to robustly identify and mitigate multiple sources of RV contamination. For example, in our study of the 3 yr of HARPS-N solar data, φESTA reveals the solar rotational effect, the long-term trend due to solar magnetic cycle, instrumental instability, and apparent solar rotation rate changes. Applying a multiple linear regression model on φESTA metrics, we reduce the weighted rms noise from 1.89 to 0.98 m s-1. In addition, we observe a ∼3-day lag in the φESTA metrics, similar to the findings from previous studies on the bisector inverse slope and FWHM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number75
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume935
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'FIESTA II. Disentangling Stellar and Instrumental Variability from Exoplanetary Doppler Shifts in the Fourier Domain'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this