Financial ratio distribution irregularities: Implications for ratio classification

Teppo Martikainen, Jukka Perttunen, Paavo Yli-Olli, A. Gunasekaran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


This paper incorporates studies investigating the distributional characteristics of financial ratios to studies related to empirical classification of financial ratios. Even though the distributional properties of financial ratios have received some attention in prior research, the implications of observed results for financial decision making have not been researched in detail. The empirical analysis of this study is carried out for 10 ratios on Finnish listed firms. The results reveal that the observed distribution irregularities have a significant impact on the results obtained from the empirical classification of financial ratios. A large part of the time-series instability of financial ratio patterns is caused by financial ratio distribution irregularities. In addition, it is discovered that the interpretation of the underlying financial factors of firms may be affected if distribution irregularities are not paid due attention to.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-44
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Operational Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 5 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Information Systems and Management


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