Finite-element modeling of the thermal/structural response of a rifled silicon-nitride barrel subjected to thermal and pressure transients

A. E. Segall, R. Carter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


A 3-D finite-element model was used to simulate the severe and localized thermal/pressure transients and the resulting stresses experienced by a rifled ceramic liner with a steel sheath. The focus of the simulations was on the influence of the rifling fillets on the heat transfer and resulting thermoelastic stresses (including pressure transients) generated during a single firing event. Since the modeling was primarily concerned with the effects of the rifling groove, a small, twisted segment of the barrel length based on rotational symmetry was employed. Using this simplification, the model utilized uniform heating and pressure across the inner surface via a time-dependent convective coefficient and pressure generated by the propellant gasses. Results indicated that the inner fillet radius of the rifling groove (rf2) had the greatest influence on the maximum circumferential (hoop) stresses and temperatures experience by the rifled barrel. Based on these simulations, it is recommended that rf2 be kept as large as possible in order to reduce the tensile hoop-stresses. Moreover, it appears to be permissible to keep the outer fillet radius of the groove (rf1) relatively small so as to help ensure that the rifling will adequately engrave the projectile and transmit rifling torque.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2006 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Division Conference - ASME PVP2006/ICPVT-11 Conference - Pressure Vessel Technologies for the Global Community
StatePublished - 2006
EventASME PVP2006/ICPVT-11 Conference - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: Jul 23 2006Jul 27 2006

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Pressure Vessels and Piping Division (Publication) PVP
ISSN (Print)0277-027X


OtherASME PVP2006/ICPVT-11 Conference
CityVancouver, BC

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering


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