First-principles study of structural and elastic properties of monoclinic and orthorhombic BiMnO3

Zhi Gang Mei, Shun Li Shang, Yi Wang, Zi Kui Liu

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The structural and elastic properties of BiMnO3 with monoclinic (C2/c) and orthorhombic (Pnma) ferromagnetic (FM) structures have been studied by first-principles calculations within LDA + U and GGA + U approaches. The equilibrium volumes and bulk moduli of BiMnO3 phases are evaluated by equation of state (EOS) fittings, and the bulk properties predicted by LDA + U calculations are in better agreement with experiment. The orthorhombic phase is found to be more stable than the monoclinic phase at ambient pressure. A monoclinic to monoclinic phase transition is predicted to occur at a pressure of about 10 GPa, which is ascribed to magnetism versus volume instability of monoclinic BiMnO3. The single-crystal elastic stiffness constants cijs of the monoclinic and orthorhombic phases are investigated using the stress-strain method. The c46 of the monoclinic phase is predicted to be negative. In addition, the polycrystalline elastic properties including bulk modulus, shear modulus, Young's modulus, bulk modulus-shear modulus ratio, Poisson's ratio, and elastic anisotropy ratio are determined based on the calculated elastic constants. The presently predicted phase transition and elastic properties open new directions for investigation of the phase transitions in BiMnO3, and provide helpful guidance for the future elastic constant measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number295404
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Issue number29
StatePublished - 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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