Flexural behavior of rebar truss stiffened cold-formed U-shaped steel-concrete composite beams

Jiepeng Liu, Yi Zhao, Yohchia Frank Chen, Shaoqian Xu, Yuanlong Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


This paper presents a new configuration of rebar truss stiffened cold-formed U-shaped steel-concrete composite beams (RCUCB), of which the upper opening part of the steel U-section is connected by a rebar truss so that the torsional stability can be enhanced. A bending test was carried out on ten specimens considering the following three parameters: shear connection degree, tensile reinforcement ratio, and beam depth. The specimens exhibit three failure modes under certain conditions: longitudinal slip when tensile reinforcement is absent and the full shear connection cannot be attained; vertical uplift when the beam is furnished with detailed longitudinal tensile reinforcement or a full shear connection; both splitting and uplift when the beam is provided with a full shear connection. It is found that RCUCB possesses both high bending capacity and good ductility. Cracks and deformations are mainly controlled by the longitudinal reinforcement, while the ductility is improved by shear studs. The ductility factor can reach 17.6 by optimizing the configuration of longitudinal reinforcement and shear studs and the slip between the steel and the concrete can be reduced by 91% when the beam is installed with detailed longitudinal tensile reinforcement. Moreover, the ultimate bending capacity was calculated according to the EC4 and JGJ 138 codes with the consideration of the following three modification factors: λbλh, and λc to account for the effective width of the slab, the effective depth of steel web, and the actual concrete compressive strength, respectively. The calculated values agree well with the test results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-185
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
StatePublished - Nov 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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