The role of an interval of shear flow in promoting the flow-induced crystallization (FIC) for poly(ether ether ketone) PEEK was investigated by melt rheology and calorimetry. At 350 °C, just above the melting temperature of PEEK (Tm), a critical shear rate to initiate the formation of flow-induced precursors was found to coincide with the shear rate at which the Cox-Merz rule abruptly begins to fail. In cooling the sheared samples to 320 °C, FIC can be up to 25× faster than quiescent crystallization. Using rheology and differential scanning calorimetry, the stability of FIC-induced nuclei was investigated by annealing for various times at different temperatures above Tm. The persistence of shear-induced structures slightly above Tm, along with complete and rapid erasure of FIC-induced nuclei above the equilibrium melting temperature, suggests that FIC leads to thicker lamellae compared with the quiescently crystallized samples.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry