Flower development: Open questions and future directions

Frank Wellmer, John L. Bowman, Brendan Davies, Cristina Ferrándiz, Jennifer C. Fletcher, Robert G. Franks, Emmanuelle Graciet, Veronica Gregis, Toshiro Ito, Thomas P. Jack, Yuling Jiao, Martin M. Kater, Hong Ma, Elliot M. Meyerowitz, Nathanaël Prunet, José Luis Riechmann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

24 Scopus citations


Almost three decades of genetic and molecular analyses have resulted in detailed insights into many of the processes that take place during flower development and in the identification of a large number of key regulatory genes that control these processes. Despite this impressive progress, many questions about how flower development is controlled in different angiosperm species remain unanswered. In this chapter, we discuss some of these open questions and the experimental strategies with which they could be addressed. Specifically, we focus on the areas of floral meristem development and patterning, floral organ specification and differentiation, as well as on the molecular mechanisms underlying the evolutionary changes that have led to the astounding variations in flower size and architecture among extant and extinct angiosperms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFlower Development
Subtitle of host publicationMethods and Protocols
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)9781461494072
StatePublished - 2014

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
ISSN (Print)1064-3745

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


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