BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Focal high signal intensity in the splenium of the corpus callosum on fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR) images is generally considered an abnormal MR finding. We identified high signal intensity in the splenium on FLAIR images in patients of advanced age with otherwise normal images and in patients who had received brain radiation therapy. We undertook an investigation to determine the frequency of this finding in these patient groups. METHODS: We reviewed the FLAIR images and medical records of 67 patients (group 1) imaged for suspicion of CNS disease and of 18 consecutive patients (group 2) with history of brain radiation therapy. All FLAIR images were evaluated for focal signal intensity abnormalities in the splenium and for diffuse white matter abnormalities. Also, autopsy specimens from two cases not part of either study group were examined. RESULTS: Among the initial 67 patients in group 1, focal high signal intensity in the splenium was associated with aging, radiation therapy, and white matter changes. Focal high signal intensity in the splenium was evident on FLAIR images in 16 of the 18 patients in the post-radiation therapy group. Histologic examination of the splenium in one autopsy case with a history of chest and neck radiation therapy demonstrated isomorphic gliosis. CONCLUSION: High signal intensity in the splenium of the corpus callosum on FLAIR images is a common finding after brain radiation therapy and can be seen with aging. The radiologist should be aware of this common finding and not mistake it for more commonly recognized causes of splenial lesions.
|Number of pages
|American Journal of Neuroradiology
|Published - May 1 2003
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology