Foundations of the CIP theory: An overview

Julian B. Allen, Jeffrey B. Lovelace, Samuel T. Hunter, Brett H. Neely

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


This chapter provides a review of the conceptual foundations of the Charismatic, Ideological, and Pragmatic (CIP) model of leadership and the major empirical findings of the research stream. The chapter begins by outlining the CIP model framework from the developmental experiences that form individuals’ leadership styles, to the cognitive filtering process (i.e., prescriptive mental model) that impact leaders’ behavior and actions. Next, a summary of the CIP empirical findings regarding problem solving, leader-follower interactions, and the use of influence tactics highlights the explanatory power of major CIP research. Finally, to conclude, the chapter integrates the CIP literature with the broader leadership literature to identify opportunities to further our understanding of the impact of leaders in organizations. To this end, the chapter aims to provide a common basis for understanding the origins, key contributions, and implications of the CIP model research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationExtending the Charismatic, Ideological, and Pragmatic Approach to Leadership
Subtitle of host publicationMultiple Pathways to Success
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9781351017145
ISBN (Print)9781138497733
StatePublished - Apr 21 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Economics, Econometrics and Finance
  • General Business, Management and Accounting
  • General Psychology


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