Frequency, pressure, and strain dependence of nonlinear elasticity in Berea Sandstone

Jacques Rivière, Lucas Pimienta, Marco Scuderi, Thibault Candela, Parisa Shokouhi, Jérôme Fortin, Alexandre Schubnel, Chris Marone, Paul A. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Acoustoelasticity measurements in a sample of room dry Berea sandstone are conducted at various loading frequencies to explore the transition between the quasi-static (f→0) and dynamic (few kilohertz) nonlinear elastic response. We carry out these measurements at multiple confining pressures and perform a multivariate regression analysis to quantify the dependence of the harmonic content on strain amplitude, frequency, and pressure. The modulus softening (equivalent to the harmonic at 0f) increases by a factor 2-3 over 3 orders of magnitude increase in frequency. Harmonics at 2f, 4f, and 6f exhibit similar behaviors. In contrast, the harmonic at 1f appears frequency independent. This result corroborates previous studies showing that the nonlinear elasticity of rocks can be described with a minimum of two physical mechanisms. This study provides quantitative data that describes the rate dependency of nonlinear elasticity. These findings can be used to improve theories relating the macroscopic elastic response to microstructural features.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3226-3236
Number of pages11
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 16 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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