Fully Analytical Design of Dual-Wire PCB Metagratings for Beam Steering and Splitting

Zhen Tan, Jianjia Yi, Xiaoming Chen, Menglan Lin, Zhi Hao Jiang, Douglas H. Werner, Shah Nawaz Burokur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The printed circuit board (PCB)-type metagrating (MG), a periodic microstrip planar structure with discrete distribution of polarization currents, can realize high-angle wavefront shaping with near-unity efficiency for potential application in high beam-steering antennas or reflectors. For large-angle deflection, only a small number of meta-atoms are required in the MG's period. As such, here, we focus on a reflective PCB MG in the presence of only two meta-atoms, whose complex load impedance densities are explicitly derived from fully analytical expressions. The passive and lossless conditional equations as well as the equations for the power ratio control of the diffraction modes are given, which allows avoiding numerical optimization procedure. Three practical prototypes, including anomalous reflector and beam splitters, are designed, simulated, and measured. The measurement results agree well with the simulation results and are consistent with the theoretical predictions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5452-5456
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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