Human height is an important trait from biological and social perspectives. Genes have been widely recognized to be involved in human body growth, but their detailed controlling mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we present a computational model for functional mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that control trajectories of human height growth through an interactive network. The model integrates mathematical equations of human growth curves into the mixture model-based functional mapping framework, allowing the identification and mapping of individual QTLs responsible for the developmental pattern of human growth. The model was derived on a random sample of subjects from a natural population, for each of which molecular markers within candidate genes or throughout the entire genome are typed and height data from childhood to adulthood are collected. A series of testable hypotheses are formulated about the genetic control of developmental timing and duration at different stages. The model was used to characterize epistatic QTLs for height growth hidden in 548 Japanese girls which is a semi-real data set with simulated the marker genotypes. With an increasing availability of genetic polymorphic data, the model will have great implications for probing the genetic and developmental mechanisms of human body growth and its associated diseases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Modeling and Simulation
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Applied Mathematics