Functional, molecular and structural imaging using LED-based photoacoustic and ultrasound imaging system.

Sumit Agrawal, Mithun Kuniyil Ajith Singh, Xinyi Yang, Hussain Albahrani, Ajay Dangi, Sri Rajasekhar Kothapalli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


Conventional photoacoustic imaging (PAI) systems use bulky and high-cost laser sources to derive functional and molecular information of the tissue. Recently, light emitting diodes (LED) have emerged as an affordable and compact alternative illumination source for PAI. Despite their low energies, LEDs have provided sufficient photoacoustic contrast for in vivo imaging of mice and for certain clinical applications. This is largely due to PA signal averaging allowed by higher repetition rates of the LEDs without compromising on video frame rate photoacoustic imaging. In this work, using multiple in vivo and phantom experiments, we demonstrate the potential of LED-based photoacoustic and ultrasound imaging (2-D and 3-D) for real-time functional, molecular and structural characterization of tissue. This includes photoacoustic derived functional oxygen saturation information and mapping molecules such as melanin, methylene blue and indocyanine green, and ultrasound derived anatomical information of tissue. These results demonstrate that LED-based PA and US imaging hold strong potential for accelerating several pre-clinical and clinical applications, especially in resource-poor settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPhotons Plus Ultrasound
Subtitle of host publicationImaging and Sensing 2020
EditorsAlexander A. Oraevsky, Lihong V. Wang
ISBN (Electronic)9781510632431
StatePublished - 2020
EventPhotons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2020 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Feb 2 2020Feb 5 2020

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


ConferencePhotons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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