Further development and piloted simulation evaluation of the break turn ADS-33 mission task element

Hong Xin, Joseph F. Horn, Roy L. Brewer, David H. Klyde, Cody E. Fegely, Paul D. Ruckel, Frank P. Conway, Sean P. Pitoniak, William C. Fell, James M. Rigsby, Ray Mulato, P. Chase Schulze, Carl R. Ott, Christopher L. Blanken

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Updates to the military rotorcraft handling qualities specification are currently being considered that address the high-speed flight regime envisioned for the Future Vertical Lift (FVL) platform of the US Army. The US Army's National Rotorcraft Technology Center (NRTC) project “Rotorcraft Handling Qualities Requirements for Future Configurations and Missions” is a U.S. Government and Industry co-funded three-year research project. A Sikorsky-led project team that features industry and academia have developed and evaluated a set of Mission Task Elements (MTEs) that are defined to address rotorcraft high-speed handling qualities. Following the mission-oriented approach upon which ADS-33E-PRF is based, the MTEs were designed to meet different levels of precision and aggressiveness. Break Turn MTE was defined for non-precision, aggressive applications in order to provide a suitable coverage of aggressive air combat maneuvers in future ADS-33. The MTE objectives, descriptions, and performance criteria were systemically developed via a series of piloted simulation sessions at each team's simulation facility. Formal evaluations were then conducted by US Army test pilots at four simulator facilities, each featuring a unique high-speed platform including an X2 TechnologyTM compound helicopter, two tiltrotor configurations, and a generic winged compound helicopter. To enhance the MTE evaluation process, baseline control law (CLAW) configurations were varied to achieve different handling qualities levels. Quantitative measures based on task performance and qualitative measures based on pilot ratings, comments and debrief questionnaires were used to assess MTE effectiveness. The piloted simulation results demonstrated that the Break Turn MTE provided an effective means to discern non-precision, aggressive handling qualities in high speed flight.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAnnual Forum Proceedings - AHS International
StatePublished - 2018
Event74th American Helicopter Society International Annual Forum and Technology Display 2018: The Future of Vertical Flight - Phoenix, United States
Duration: May 14 2018May 17 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering


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