Further Validity Tests of the Grandchildren's Received Affection Scale

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11 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to further validate the newly developed Grandchildren's Received Affection Scale (GRAS). To that end, young adult grandchildren (N = 317) completed the GRAS, along with two previously established measures of affectionate communication and a social desirability scale. The results of a series of Pearson correlational analyses and an exploratory factor analysis provide support for the concurrent, construct, and divergent validity of the GRAS. Thus, the GRAS is an appropriate instrument to assess grandchildren's received affectionate communication from their grandparents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-210
Number of pages10
JournalCommunication Research Reports
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Communication


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