Fusarium graminearum Species Complex: A Bibliographic Analysis and Web-Accessible Database for Global Mapping of Species and Trichothecene Toxin Chemotypes

Emerson M. Del Ponte, Gláucia M. Moreira, Todd J. Ward, Kerry O’Donnell, Camila P. Nicolli, Franklin J. Machado, Maíra R. Duffeck, Kaique S. Alves, Dauri J. Tessmann, Cees Waalwijk, Theo van der Lee, Hao Zhang, Sofia N. Chulze, Sebastian A. Stenglein, Dinorah Pan, Silvana Vero, Lisa J. Vaillancourt, David G. Schmale, Paul D. Esker, Antonio MorettiAntonio F. Logrieco, H. Corby Kistler, Gary C. Bergstrom, Altus Viljoen, Lindy J. Rose, Gert J. van Coller, Theresa Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Fusarium graminearum is ranked among the five most destructive fungal pathogens that affect agroecosystems. It causes floral diseases in small grain cereals including wheat, barley, and oats, as well as maize and rice. We conducted a systematic review of peer-reviewed studies reporting species within the F. graminearum species complex (FGSC) and created two main data tables. The first contained summarized data from the articles including bibliographic, geographic, methodological (ID methods), host of origin and species, while the second data table contains information about the described strains such as publication, isolate code(s), host/substrate, year of isolation, geographical coordinates, species and trichothecene genotype. Analyses of the bibliographic data obtained from 123 publications from 2000 to 2021 by 498 unique authors and published in 40 journals are summarized. We describe the frequency of species and chemotypes for 16,274 strains for which geographical information was available, either provided as raw data or extracted from the publications, and sampled across six continents and 32 countries. The database and interactive interface are publicly available, allowing for searches, summarization, and mapping of strains according to several criteria including article, country, host, species and trichothecene genotype. The database will be updated as new articles are published and should be useful for guiding future surveys and exploring factors associated with species distribution such as climate and land use. Authors are encouraged to submit data at the strain level to the database, which is accessible at https://fgsc.netlify.app.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)741-751
Number of pages11
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


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