There is little data comparing the activity and toxicity of donor lymphocyte therapy with granulocyte (G)-CSF-mobilized cells (G-donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI)) with the conventionally collected DLI (C-DLI) after allogeneic blood or marrow transplantation. We retrospectively evaluated 67 patients to compare the efficacy and toxicity of GCSF-mobilized DLI with C-DLI in the treatment of relapse of malignant disease or poor donor engraftment post transplant. We assessed clinical outcomes that may represent the immunological outcome of DLI. The median OS was 210 days (range 3-2436 days), 291 days (range 17-1491 days) in the G-DLI group (15 patients) and 207.5 days (range 3-2436 days) in the C-DLI group (52 patients). The median PFS time was 72 days (range 8-1491 days) in the G-DLI group vs 82 days (range 1-2436 days) in the C-DLI group. Rates of post DLI GVHD and improvement in donor engraftment were similar in the G-DLI and C-DLI groups. We conclude that G-DLI appears to have similar therapeutic activity to that seen with C-DLI, and where such cells are available they may be substituted for conventional donor lymphocytes.
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