GaAs{001}(2×4) surface-structure studies with shadow-cone-enhanced secondary-ion mass spectrometry

C. Xu, K. P. Caffey, J. S. Burnham, S. H. Goss, B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd

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The atomic geometry of the GaAs{001}(2×4) surface has been analyzed quantitatively by shadow-cone-enhanced secondary-ion mass spectrometry. The technique is based on the concept that the shadow cone created by the interaction between an incident-ion beam and a surface atom focuses ion flux onto specific crystal coordinates. In this experiment, secondary Ga+ions were desorbed by a 3-keV Ar+-ion beam and were detected at an energy of 20 eV. The surface was prepared by molecular-beam epitaxy and transferred in situ to an UHV surface-analysis chamber. The microscopic mechanisms of the desorption process were elucidated by a three-dimensional molecular-dynamics computer simulation. The data analysis also involved comparing the incidence angles corresponding to enhanced intensity features in the secondary-Ga+-ion yield with the angles determined in a two-body-interaction calculation using the Molière approximation to the Thomas-Fermi potential. This study confirms the As2-dimer structure of the GaAs{001}(2×4) surface, and the As-As bond length is determined to be 2.73±0.10. This value suggests that, analogous to the atoms in bulk As, the As2-dimer atoms are threefold coordinated. Within the precision of the analysis, no relaxations were observed in the second and deeper layers of the surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6776-6785
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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