Gas outburst with sediments because of tetrahydrofuran hydrate dissociation

Xuhui Zhang, Xiaobing Lu, Ming Xiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Methane hydrate (MH) is a new energy resource in the 21st century. But the dissociation of MH from sediments during the MH exploration or oil/gas exploration under a hydrate layer accompanied by the softening of soils and formation of excess pore gas pressure may lead to ground failures and environmental disasters. In this study, experiments on modeling the weakening and failure of the sediment by heat-induced dissociation of tetrahydrofuran (THF) hydrate were presented. The failure mode of gas outburst was observed. Gas outbursts is a process where gas and soils in hydrate-dissociation zone burst out after the continuous skeleton of over-layer is fractured during the expansion of the dissociation zone and the formation of gas zone and excess pore gas pressure. An analytical method is presented by decoupling heat transfer and soil deformation. The geometrical and mechanical similarities for gas outburst are obtained. An empirical criterion for the occurrence of outburst is proposed using the theory of thermal conduction, rigid plastic mechanics, and the experimental data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1884-1897
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics
Issue number17
StatePublished - Dec 10 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computational Mechanics
  • General Materials Science
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Mechanics of Materials


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