Gas sensing properties of single conducting polymer nanowires and the effect of temperature

Yaping Dan, Yanyan Cao, Tom E. Mallouk, Stephane Evoy, A. T.Charlie Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


We measured the electronic properties and gas sensing responses of template-grown poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT/PSS)-based nanowires. The nanowires had a 'striped' structure (gold-PEDOT/PSS-gold), and were typically 8νm long (1νm-6νm-1νm for the sections, respectively) and 220nm in diameter. Single-nanowire devices were contacted with pre-fabricated gold electrodes using dielectrophoretic assembly. Apolymer conductivity of 11.5 0.7Scm-1 and a contact resistance of 27.6 4kΩ were inferred from measurements on nanowires of varying length and diameter. The nanowire sensors detected a variety of odors, with rapid response and recovery (seconds). The response (ΔR/R) varied as a power law with analyte concentration. The power law exponent was found to increase with the molecular weight of the analyte and as a function of temperature. The detection limits are set by noise intrinsic to the device and are at the ppm level even for very volatile analytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number434014
Issue number43
StatePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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