Gaseous Nitric Oxide-Cangrelor Combination to Prevent Clots in Extracorporeal Life Support System

Karthik Ramakrishnan, Joel Turner, Manan Desai, Aybala Tongut, Mark Nuskowski

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Introduction: The objective of this study was to investigate the potential synergistic utility of a combination of gaseous nitric oxide (gNO)-intravenous Cangrelor as an effective pharmacological option for the prevention of thrombosis in an animal model of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) circuits. Methods: 10 newborn lambs were placed on ECLS. 5 of them were administered a combination of gNO and intravenous Cangrelor. The remaining 5 were not administered any anticoagulant. The primary end point was duration of ECLS without clot formation. The secondary outcome measure was the absolute maximum transmembrane pressure gradient. Results: The mean duration of ECLS were 168 min (standard deviation 224.98 min) in the control group and 402 min (standard deviation 287.5 min) in the experimental group (P = 0.17). The peak trans-oxygenator pressure difference was 43 mm Hg (standard deviation 23 mm Hg) in the control group and 62 mm Hg (standard deviation 71 mm Hg) in the experimental group(P = 0.64). Two animals in the experimental group were supported up to 12 h without clot formation. Clot formation in the experimental group occurred after placement of the cannulae but prior to initiation of ECLS flows after cannulation. Conclusions: A combination of gNO and Cangrelor is prevents clot formation in an experimental animal model when administered through a clean clot-free circuit. However, the combination s ineffective when there are pre-existing clots in the circuit. A bolus of anticoagulation prior to cannulation is needed prior to testing this combination in future studies with a larger sample size.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)468-474
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
StatePublished - Jan 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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