Generation of Novel Immunocompetent Mouse Cell Lines to Model Experimental Metastasis of High-Risk Neuroblastoma

Mayura R. Dhamdhere, Dan V. Spiegelman, Lisa Schneper, Amy K. Erbe, Paul M. Sondel, Vladimir S. Spiegelman

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NB, being a highly metastatic cancer, is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in children. Increased disease recurrence and clinical resistance in patients with metastatic high-risk NBs (HR-NBs) result in poor outcomes and lower overall survival. However, the paucity of appropriate in vivo models for HR-NB metastasis has limited investigations into the underlying biology of HR-NB metastasis. This study was designed to address this limitation and develop suitable immunocompetent models for HR-NB metastasis. Here, we developed several highly metastatic immunocompetent murine HR-NB cell lines. Our newly developed cell lines show 100% efficiency in modeling experimental metastasis in C57BL6 mice and feature metastasis to the sites frequently observed in humans with HR-NB (liver and bone). In vivo validation demonstrated their specifically gained metastatic phenotype. The in vitro characterization of the cell lines showed increased cell invasion, acquired anchorage-independent growth ability, and resistance to MHC-I induction upon IFN-γ treatment. Furthermore, RNA-seq analysis of the newly developed cells identified a differentially regulated gene signature and an enrichment of processes consistent with their acquired metastatic phenotype, including extracellular matrix remodeling, angiogenesis, cell migration, and chemotaxis. The presented newly developed cell lines are, thus, suitable and promising tools for HR-NB metastasis and microenvironment studies in an immunocompetent system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4693
Issue number19
StatePublished - Oct 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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