Genetic and environmental influences on mothering of adolescents: A comparison of two samples

Jenae M. Neiderhiser, David Reiss, Nancy L. Pedersen, Paul Lichtenstein, Erica L. Spotts, Kjell Hansson, Marianne Cederblad, Olle Elthammer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

170 Scopus citations


This study examined 2 samples of adolescents and mothers using a child-based design (Nonshared Environment in Adolescent Development [NEAD] project, N = 395 families) and a parent-based design (Twin Moms [TM] project, N = 236 twin family pairs) to compare genetic and environmental influences on mothering. For both samples, the same measures of positivity, negativity, control, and monitoring were used. The use of matched child-based and parent-based samples enabled passive and nonpassive genotype-environment (GE) correlations to be approximated, providing information about process. Passive GE correlations were suggested for mother's positivity and monitoring. For mother's negativity and control, primarily nonpassive GE correlations were suggested. In several cases, both types of GE correlation were indicated. Finally, observer ratings of negativity and monitoring were influenced only by environmental factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-351
Number of pages17
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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