Tobacco cell lines selected for resistance to picloram (4-amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid) and plants regenerated from these cell lines manifest several traits not shown by the parental strains. Genetics analyses of the regenerated plants have permitted the sources of this variability to be identified. Tricotyledenous seedlings appeared at a much higher frequency among the progeny of a heterozygous mutant plant (PmR1/+) regenerated from culture than they did among progeny of normal regenerated plants. In crosses with the regenerated heterozygous mutant plant and with homozygous progeny of this plant (PmR1/PmR1) the frequency of tricotyly was influenced more by the generation than by the genotype of the parent plant. Therefore, it is concluded that tricotyly is a physiological response to passage through cell culture. More than half of the picloram-resistant cell lines isolated were also resistant to hydroxyurea. Segregation of these two resistances was analyzed in progeny of crosses with regenerated plants. In all cases hydroxyurea-resistance was genetically stable and inherited as a single dominant nuclear mutation (designated HuR). In crosses with plants PmR1/+ and PmR7/+ the HuR and PmR mutations assorted independently. In contrast, the HuR mutation recovered from plant PmR6/+ was linked to the PmR6 mutation.
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