Genome-wide association studies for bivariate sparse longitudinal data

Kiranmoy Das, Jiahan Li, Guifang Fu, Zhong Wang, Rongling Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Objective: Longitudinal measurements with bivariate response have been analyzed by several authors using two separate models for each response. However, for most of the biological or medical experiments, the two responses are highly correlated and hence a separate model for each response might not be a desirable way to analyze such data. A single model considering a bivariate response provides a more powerful inference as the correlation between the responses is modeled appropriately. In this article, we propose a dynamic statistical model to detect the genes controlling human blood pressure (systolic and diastolic). Methods: By modeling the mean function with orthogonal Legendre polynomials and the covariance matrix with a stationary parametric structure, we incorporate the statistical ideas in functional genome-wide association studies to detect SNPs which have significant control on human blood pressure. The traditional false discovery rate is used for multiple comparisons. Results: We analyze the data from the Framingham Heart Study to detect such SNPs by appropriately considering gender-gene interaction. We detect 8 SNPs for males and 7 for females which are most significant in controlling blood pressure. The genotype-specific mean curves and additive and dominant effects over time are shown for each significant SNP for both genders. Simulation studies are performed to examine the statistical properties of our model. The current model will be extremely useful in detecting genes controlling different traits and diseases for humans or non-human subjects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-120
Number of pages11
JournalHuman heredity
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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