Histone acetylation regulates gene expression, yet the functional contributions of the numerous histone acetyltransferases (HATs) to gene expression and their relationships with each other remain largely unexplored. The central role of the putative HAT-containing TAF1 subunit of TFIID in gene expression raises the fondamental question as to what extent, if any, TAF1 contributes to acetylation in vivo and to what extent it is redundant with other HATs. Our findings herein do not support the basic tenet that TAF1 is a major HAT in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, nor do we find that TAF1 is functionally redundant with other HATs, including Gcn5, Elp3, Hat1, Hpa2, Sas3, and Esa1, which is in contrast to previous conclusions regarding Gcn5. Our findings do reveal that of these HATs, only Gcn5 and Esa1 contribute substantially to gene expression genome wide. Interestingly, histone acetylation at promoter regions throughout the genome does not require TAF1 or RNA polymerase II, indicating that most acetylation is likely to precede transcription and not depend upon it. TAF1 function has been linked to Bdf1, which binds TFIID and acetylated histone H4 tails, but no linkage between TAF1 and the H4 HAT Esa1 has been established. Here, we present evidence for such a linkage through Bdf1.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology