Genotype, oxidase status, and preceding infection or autoinflammation do not affect allogeneic HCT outcomes for CGD

Jennifer W. Leiding, Danielle E. Arnold, Suhag Parikh, Brent Logan, Rebecca A. Marsh, Linda M. Griffith, Ruizhe Wu, Sharon Kidd, Kanwaldeep Mallhi, Deepak Chellapandian, Stephanie J. Si Lim, Eyal Grunebaum, E. Liana Falcone, Luis Murguia-Favela, Debbi Grossman, Vinod K. Prasad, Jennifer R. Heimall, Fabien Touzot, Lauri M. Burroughs, Jack BleesingNeena Kapoor, Jasmeen Dara, Olatundun Williams, Malika Kapadia, Benjamin R. Oshrine, Jeffrey J. Bednarski, Ahmad Rayes, Hey Chong, Geoffrey D.E. Cuvelier, Lisa R. Forbes Satter, Caridad Martinez, Mark T. Vander Lugt, Lolie C. Yu, Shanmuganathan Chandrakasan, Avni Joshi, Susan E. Prockop, Blachy J. Dávila Saldaña, Victor Aquino, Larisa A. Broglie, Christen L. Ebens, Lisa M. Madden, Kenneth DeSantes, Jordan Milner, Hemalatha G. Rangarajan, Ami J. Shah, Alfred P. Gillio, Alan P. Knutsen, Holly K. Miller, Theodore B. Moore, Pamela Graham, Andrea Bauchat, Nancy J. Bunin, Pierre Teira, Aleksandra Petrovic, Sharat Chandra, Hisham Abdel-Azim, Morna J. Dorsey, Olga Birbrayer, Morton J. Cowan, Christopher C. Dvorak, Elie Haddad, Donald B. Kohn, Luigi D. Notarangelo, Sung Yun Pai, Jennifer M. Puck, Michael A. Pulsipher, Troy R. Torgerson, Harry L. Malech, Elizabeth M. Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a primary immunodeficiency characterized by life-threatening infections and inflammatory conditions. Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is the definitive treatment for CGD, but questions remain regarding patient selection and impact of active disease on transplant outcomes. We performed a multi-institutional retrospective and prospective study of 391 patients with CGD treated either conventionally (non-HCT) enrolled from 2004 to 2018 or with HCT from 1996 to 2018. Median follow-up after HCT was 3.7 years with a 3-year overall survival of 82% and event-free survival of 69%. In a multivariate analysis, a Lansky/Karnofsky score <90 and use of HLA-mismatched donors negatively affected survival. Age, genotype, and oxidase status did not affect outcomes. Before HCT, patients had higher infection density, higher frequency of noninfectious lung and liver diseases, and more steroid use than conventionally treated patients; however, these issues did not adversely affect HCT survival. Presence of pre-HCT inflammatory conditions was associated with chronic graft-versus-host disease. Graft failure or receipt of a second HCT occurred in 17.6% of the patients and was associated with melphalan-based conditioning and/or early mixed chimerism. At 3 to 5 years after HCT, patients had improved growth and nutrition, resolved infections and inflammatory disease, and lower rates of antimicrobial prophylaxis or corticosteroid use compared with both their baseline and those of conventionally treated patients. HCT leads to durable resolution of CGD symptoms and lowers the burden of the disease. Patients with active infection or inflammation are candidates for transplants; HCT should be considered before the development of comorbidities that could affect performance status. This trial was registered at as #NCT02082353.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2105-2118
Number of pages14
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 14 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this