Give Those Men a Cigar (But No Light): A Reply to Slade, Landers, and Martin

Bruce Hale, Paul Holmes, Dave Smith, Neil Fowler, Dave Collins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Several years ago Collins and Hale (1997) commented on nonrigorous experimental designs and procedures which typified published research examining the psychophysiology of the imagery process. Conceptual, methodological, and analytical guidelines were offered to improve the quality of future research undertakings. While Slade, Landers, and Martin (2002) have followed some of these suggestions, their recent imagery study examining the "mirror hypothesis" and a theory-expectancy hypothesis with EMG recordings still appears to have some conceptual inconsistencies, methodological flaws, and analytical weaknesses that make their conclusions ambiguous. These concerns are identified, and more suggestions for improved designs are given, in another attempt to improve the quality of the scientific research undertaken in sport psychophysiology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)402-409
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology


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