Global challenges faced by engineered Bacillus thuringiensis Cry genes in soybean (Glycine max L.) in the twenty-first century

Louis Bengyella, Elsie Laban Yekwa, Sehrish Iftikhar, Kiran Nawaz, Robinson C. Jose, Dobgima J. Fonmboh, Ernest Tambo, Pranab Roy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The most important insect pests causing severe economic damages to soybean (Glycine max L.) production worldwide are Chrysodeixis includens (Walker, Noctuidae), Anticarsia gemmatalis (Hübner, Erebidae), Helicoverpa gelotopoeon (Dyar, Noctuidae), Crocidosema aporema (Walsingham; Tortricidae), Spodoptera albula (Walker, Noctuidae), S. cosmiodes (Walker, Noctuidae), S. eridania (Stoll, Noctuidae), S. frugiperda (Smith; Noctuidae), Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner, Noctuidae), H. zea (Boddie; Noctuidae) and Telenomus podisi (Hymenoptera,Platygastidae). Despite the success of biotech Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt)/herbicide tolerance (HT)-soybean in the past decade in terms of output, unforeseen mitigated performances have been observed due to changes in climatic events that favors the emergence of insect resistance. Thus, there is a need to develop hybrids with elaborated gene stacking to avert the upsurge in insect field tolerance to crystal (Cry) toxins in Bt-soybean. This study covers the performance of important commercial transgenic soybean developed to outwit destructive insects. New gene stacking soybean events such as Cry1Ac-, Cry1AF- and PAT-soybean (DAS-81419-2®, Conkesta™ technology), and MON-87751-7 × MON-87701–2 × MON 87708 × MON 89788 (bearing Cry1A.105 [Cry1Ab, Cry1F, Cry1Ac], Cry2Ab, Cry1Ac) are being approved and deployed in fields. Following this deployment trend, we recommend herein that plant-mediated RNA interference into Bt-soybean, and the application of RNA-based pesticides that is complemented by other best agricultural practices such as refuge compliance, and periodic application of low-level insecticides could maximize trait durability in Bt-soybean production in the twenty-first century.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number464
Journal3 Biotech
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)


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