Global-scale modes of surface temperature variability on interannual to century timescales

M. E. Mann, J. Park

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268 Scopus citations


Using 100yr of global temperature anomaly data, we have performed a singular value decomposition of temperature variations in narrow frequency bands to isolate coherent spatio-temporal "modes' of global climate variability. Secular variance is dominated by a global coherent trend, with nearly all grid points warming in phase at varying amplitude. A smaller, but significant, share of the secular variance corresponds to a pattern dominated by warming and subsequent cooling in the high latitude North Atlantic with a roughly centennial timescale. Spatial patterns associated with significatn peaks in variance within a broad period range from 2.8 to 5.7yr exhibit characteristic El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) patterns. A recent transition to a regime of high ENSO frequency is suggested by our analysis. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25,819-25,833
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Issue numberD12
StatePublished - 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology


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