Glucose-stimulated translation regulation of insulin by the 5′ UTR-binding proteins

Shardul D. Kulkarni, Bhavana Muralidharan, Amaresh C. Panda, Baskar Bakthavachalu, Arya Vindu, Vasudevan Seshadri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Insulin is the key regulator of glucose homeostasis in mammals, and glucose-stimulated insulin biosynthesis is essential for maintaining glucose levels in a narrow range in mammals. Glucose specifically promotes the translation of insulin in pancreatic β-islet, and the untranslated regions of insulin mRNA play a role in such regulation. Specific factors in the β-islets bind to the insulin 5′ UTR and regulate its translation. In the present study we identify protein-disulfide isomerase (PDI) as a key regulator of glucose-stimulated insulin biosynthesis. We show that both in vitro and in vivo PDI can specifically associate with the 5' UTR of insulin mRNA. Immunodepletion of PDI from the islet extract results in loss of glucose-stimulated translation indicating a critical role for PDI in insulin biosynthesis. Similarly, transient overexpression of PDI resulted in specific translation activation by glucose. We show that the RNA binding activity of PDI is mediated through PABP. PDI catalyzes the reduction of the PABP disulfide bond resulting in specific binding of PABP to the insulin 5′ UTR. We also show that glucose stimulation of the islets results in activation of a specific kinase that can phosphorylate PDI. These findings identify PDI and PABP as important players in glucose homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14146-14156
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number16
StatePublished - Apr 22 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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