Going the extra mile? How provider network design increases consumer travel distance, particularly for rural consumers

Simon F. Haeder, David L. Weimer, Dana B. Mukamel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Context: The practical accessibility to medical care facilitated by health insurance plans depends not just on the number of providers within their networks but also on distances consumers must travel to reach the providers. Long travel distances inconvenience almost all consumers and may substantially reduce choice and access to providers for some. Methods: The authors assess mean and median travel distances to cardiac surgeons and pediatricians for participants in (1) plans offered through Covered California, (2) comparable commercial plans, and (3) unrestricted open-network plans. The authors repeat the analysis for higher-quality providers. Findings: The authors find that in all areas, but especially in rural areas, Covered California plan subscribers must travel longer than subscribers in the comparable commercial plan; subscribers to either plan must travel substantially longer than consumers in open networks. Analysis of access to higher-quality providers show somewhat larger travel distances. Differences between ACA and commercial plans are generally substantively small. Conclusions: While network design adds travel distance for all consumers, this may be particularly challenging for transportation-disadvantaged populations. As distance is relevant to both health outcomes and the cost of obtaining care, this analysis provides the basis for more appropriate measures of network adequacy than those currently in use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1107-1136
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of health politics, policy and law
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Policy


Dive into the research topics of 'Going the extra mile? How provider network design increases consumer travel distance, particularly for rural consumers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this