Graph neural network modeling of grain-scale anisotropic elastic behavior using simulated and measured microscale data

Darren C. Pagan, Calvin R. Pash, Austin R. Benson, Matthew P. Kasemer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Here we assess the applicability of graph neural networks (GNNs) for predicting the grain-scale elastic response of polycrystalline metallic alloys. Using GNN surrogate models, grain-averaged stresses during uniaxial elastic tension in low solvus high-refractory (LSHR) Ni Superalloy and Ti 7 wt%Al (Ti-7Al) are predicted as example face-centered cubic and hexagonal closed packed alloys, respectively. A transfer learning approach is taken in which GNN surrogate models are trained using crystal elasticity finite element method (CEFEM) simulations and then the trained surrogate models are used to predict the mechanical response of microstructures measured using high-energy X-ray diffraction microscopy (HEDM). The performance of using various microstructural and micromechanical descriptors for input nodal features to the GNNs is explored through comparisons to traditional mean-field theory predictions, reserved full-field CEFEM data, and measured far-field HEDM data. The effects of elastic anisotropy on GNN model performance and outlooks for the extension of the framework are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number259
Journalnpj Computational Materials
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computer Science Applications

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