Graphene reinforced carbon fibers

Zan Gao, Jiadeng Zhu, Siavash Rajabpour, Kaushik Joshi, Małgorzata Kowalik, Brendan Croom, Yosyp Schwab, Liwen Zhang, Clifton Bumgardner, Kenneth R. Brown, Diana Burden, James William Klett, Adri C.T. van Duin, Leonid V. Zhigilei, Xiaodong Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations


The superlative strength-to-weight ratio of carbon fibers (CFs) can substantially reduce vehicle weight and improve energy efficiency. However, most CFs are derived from costly polyacrylonitrile (PAN), which limits their widespread adoption in the automotive industry. Extensive efforts to produce CFs from low cost, alternative precursor materials have failed to yield a commercially viable product. Here, we revisit PAN to study its conversion chemistry and microstructure evolution, which might provide clues for the design of low-cost CFs. We demonstrate that a small amount of graphene can minimize porosity/defects and reinforce PAN-based CFs. Our experimental results show that 0.075 weight % graphene-reinforced PAN/graphene composite CFs exhibits 225% increase in strength and 184% enhancement in Young's modulus compared to PAN CFs. Atomistic ReaxFF and large-scale molecular dynamics simulations jointly elucidate the ability of graphene to modify the microstructure by promoting favorable edge chemistry and polymer chain alignment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberaaz4191
JournalScience Advances
Issue number17
StatePublished - Apr 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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